may tell the story of a day or a week in the lives of informants, as they may have provided information in these terms in response to grand tour questions. Listen carefully to conversations, trying to remember as many verbatim conversations, nonverbal expressions, and gestures as possible. Students are asked to take a series of 12 to 36 photographs of an activity, and provide a written description of the activity that tells the story of what is happening in the activity, photo by photo.
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Essential ethnographic methods: observations, interviews, and questionnaires (Book 2 in Ethnographer's Toolkit). Problems related to representation of events and the loyola chicago admissions essay subsequent interpretations may occur when researchers select key informants who are similar to them or when the informants are community leaders or marginal participants (Demunck sobo, 1998). 48 bernard and his associates developed an outline of the stages of participant observation fieldwork that includes initial contact; shock; discovering the obvious; the break; focusing; exhaustion, the second break, and frantic activity; and leaving. Participant observation is used as a mainstay in field work in a variety of disciplines, and, as such, has proven to be a beneficial tool for producing studies that provide accurate representation of a culture. He suggests that ethnography is most effective when one observes the group being studied in settings that enable him/her to "explore the organized routines of behavior" (p.41). 71 Sight without soundIn this exercise, students are asked to find a setting in which they are able to see activity but in which they are unable to hear what is being said in the interaction.
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I was saying that industrial music influenced cyberpunk.